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Sep 14, 2011
The History of Gummi Candy
Hans Riegel invented gummi bears during the 1920s.
By Mary Bellis
Bears are displayed in a glass jar at Sweet Dish candy store in San
Francisco, California. Candy sales are rising as Americans seek to
comfort themselves during the difficult economic times.
Justin Sullivan/Getty ImagesHans Riegel invented gummi bears (the first
gummi candy) and gummi candy during the 1920s. Riegel was the owner of
the German candy company Haribo. Haribo went on to manufacture the first
American made gummi candy in 1982.
1981, another German gummi candy manufacturer called Trolli decided to
made the first gummi worm. Gummi worms have become the most popular
gummi candy ever made. The average Brite Crawler the number one sold
gummi worm is two inches long.
gelatin is the basic ingredient in gummi candy. Gelatin is also found
in soft caramels, marshmallows, foam-filled wafers, licorice, wine gums,
pastilles, chocolate coated mallows and a host of other sweets, because
it gives candy elasticity, the desired chewy consistency, and a longer
shelf life. Gelatin has been used since the time of the Egyptian
How Gummi Candy Is Mass Produced
According to Black Forestthe
makers of assorted gummies, "gummi candies are a blend of corn starch,
corn syrup, sugar, gelatin, color, and flavor." The ingredients are
weighed, mixed, and pumped into a special candy cooker that Black Forest
uses, a 128 foot long stainless steel coil that cooks the candy by
steam outside of the coil. Then the cooker pumps the gummi into a vacuum
chamber to remove excess moisture. From the vacuum chamber the gummi
moves on to a mix station where colors, flavors, acids, and fruit
concentrates are mixed into the gummi stock. Next, the Mogul, a starch
moulding machine pumps the gummi stock into starch filled mould boards
that shape the gummi candies. After curing, the gummies are removed from
the moulds, packaged, delivered, and sold.